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Extrajudicial Sanctions and Measures

I felt that the staff were truly helpful and concerned to really help fix my mistakes.  Truly an excellent experience.

Youth Participant

Extrajudicial Measures (EJM, also called Pre-Charge Diversion)

This program is a community-based pre-charge sentencing option for a young person alleged to have committed an offence.  The program utilizes supportive interventions and effective alternatives to addressing the impact of crime without formal criminal proceedings.  An investigating police officer may decide that the young person and the community would be better served by EJM which is designed to hold youth accountable for their actions while offering opportunities to address at-risk behaviours.  Referrals for this program are received from London Police Services, Middlesex Ontario Provincial Police, and Strathroy-Caradoc Police Services.

 Extrajudicial Sanctions (EJS)

This program is a partnership between the Ministry of the Attorney General, and the Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services that provides rehabilitative and reintegration programs and services to youth ages 12-17 in conflict with the law.  The goals are to decrease re-offending while increasing skills, functioning and positive social behaviour.  A Crown Attorney may consider the option of EJS if the young person cannot be adequately dealt with by way of police warning, caution or referral to the EJM program due to the serious nature of the offence, the number of previous offences committed by the young person, or any other aggravating circumstances.

What are some examples of community-based measures/sanctions that a young person would be responsible for completing?

Measures and sanctions are negotiated on an individual basis and may include options such as apology to the victim, community service work, restitution, projects, programing to address cognitive/behavioural skills, self-awareness, life skills, anger awareness and participating in restorative justice circles.

Who is involved in deciding what the young person will be completing?

Where appropriate, the program provides opportunities for family members and the community to become involved in the design and implementation of what the young person will be responsible for completing.  The program also provides victims the opportunity to participate and have a voice in the decisions related to what the young person will complete to repair the harm that was caused.

These programs are restorative in nature as the focus is to separate out the youth from their behaviour and address the underlying cause so that all involved can move forward with a sense of resolution.  Youth are held accountable and are provided with the opportunity to repair the harm and understand the impact from the victim and community’s perspective.

What is the referral process?

These programs have been established under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) for young people aged 12-17 years old.  EJM is a Police referred program used to deal with a young person alleged to have committed an offence; EJS is a Crown Attorney referred program used to deal with a young person alleged to have committed an offence.

I greatly appreciate you and the team and the efforts you have made to try and put the youth on a more positive path in life.